Liverpool – An Expanding Port
Manchester – Centre of Industry
The Problem – How to transport goods from Manchester to Liverpool for export?
First proposal for a railway by William James (businessman) who had seen early railways operating in coal mines in North East England.
Support from other businessmen, including John Moss (Liverpool banker), Henry Booth, Joseph Sanders and Charles Lawrence (Lord Mayor of Liverpool).
First proposal to Parliament
Proposal opposed by:
Revised route, objectors overcome. Plans for railway accepted by Parliament. Company formed. George Stephenson appointed Engineer.
The Railway begins to take shape
The Problem – How to operate the Trains?
Stationary Winding Engines
Rainhill Locomotive Trials
Railway promoters decide to hold a competition;
Who can design the best steam locomotive to work on Railway?
Location: Rainhill (1 -mile course)
Each competitor to run total distance of 70 miles pulling a load three times its own weight at not less than 10 mph.
Rocket; Novelty; Sans Pareil, Perseverance; Cyclopede (powered by horses)
6th October 1829 – The Trials Begin
Cyclopede & Perseverance soon withdrawn.
Crowd’s favourite – Novelty followed by ‘Sans Pareil’; then ‘Rocket’.
‘Rocket’ entered by George Stephenson and built by his son, Robert, wins easily, because – technically, it was the most advanced.
1830 Railway Completed
15 September 1830 – Grand Opening
Visit the Virtual Museum to see more.